Cabinet of Donald Trump
The President of the United States has the authority to nominate members of his or her Cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution. Before confirmation, a high level career member of an executive department heads this pre-confirmed cabinet on an acting basis. The Cabinet's creation is part of the transition of power following the 2016 United States presidential election.
This page documents the confirmation process for any successful or unsuccessful cabinet nominees of Donald Trump's administration. They are listed in order of creation of the cabinet position (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).
- 1 Announced nominees
- 2 Confirmation process timeline
- 3 Analysis
- 4 History
- 5 Formation
- 6 Cabinet
- 6.1 Secretary of State
- 6.2 Secretary of the Treasury
- 6.3 Secretary of Defense
- 6.4 Attorney General
- 6.5 Secretary of the Interior
- 6.6 Secretary of Agriculture
- 6.7 Secretary of Commerce
- 6.8 Secretary of Labor
- 6.9 Secretary of Health and Human Services
- 6.10 Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- 6.11 Secretary of Transportation
- 6.12 Secretary of Energy
- 6.13 Secretary of Education
- 6.14 Secretary of Veterans Affairs
- 6.15 Secretary of Homeland Security
- 7 Cabinet-level officials
- 7.1 White House Chief of Staff
- 7.2 United States Trade Representative
- 7.3 Director of National Intelligence
- 7.4 Ambassador to the United Nations
- 7.5 Director of the Office of Management and Budget
- 7.6 Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
- 7.7 Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
- 7.8 Administrator of the Small Business Administration
- 7.9 Removal of the Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Announced nominees[edit | edit source]
All members of the Cabinet require the advice and consent of the United States Senate following appointment by the president prior to taking office. The vice presidency is exceptional in that the position requires election to office pursuant to the United States Constitution. Although some are afforded cabinet-level rank, non-cabinet members within the Executive Office of the President, such as White House Chief of Staff, National Security Advisor, and White House Press Secretary, do not hold constitutionally created positions and most do not require Senate confirmation for appointment.
The following have been named as Cabinet appointees by the President. For other high-level positions, see the list of Donald Trump political appointments.
|Cabinet of President Donald J. Trump|
Individual officially confirmed by a full Senate vote
Individual took office with no Senate consent needed
Individual's nomination officially reported by Senate committee
Individual was rejected by either a Senate committee or a full Senate vote
Individual's nomination pending Senate committee confirmation
Confirmation process timeline[edit | edit source]
Analysis[edit | edit source]
Due to President Trump's successful career as a businessman, combined with his lack of government or military experience, and his America First political positions, much interest existed among the media over his cabinet nominations, as they are believed to show how he intends to govern.
President Trump's proposed cabinet was characterized by the media as being very conservative. It was described as a "conservative dream team" by Politico, "the most conservative cabinet [in United States history]" by Newsweek, and "one of the most consistently conservative domestic policy teams in modern history" by the Los Angeles Times. The Hill described Mr. Trump's potential cabinet as "an unorthodox team" popular with conservatives, that more establishment Republicans such as John McCain or Mitt Romney likely would not have chosen. CNN agreed, calling the proposed cabinet "a conservative dream team of domestic Cabinet appointments." On the other hand, The Wall Street Journal stated that "it's nearly impossible to identify a clear ideological bent in the incoming president's" cabinet nominations.
The Wall Street Journal also stated that Mr. Trump's nominations signaled a pro-deregulation administration policy. Several of his cabinet nominees politically opposed the federal departments they were selected to lead.
In terms of total personal wealth, Mr. Trump's cabinet is the wealthiest in modern American history.
President Trump's cabinet is largely made up of nominees who have business experience but minimal experience in the government when compared to the administrations of Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. The Pew Research Center also noted that Mr. Trump's cabinet is one of the most business-heavy in American history. The think tank stated that "A third of the department heads in the Trump administration (33%) will be people whose prior experience has been entirely in the public sector. Only three other presidents are in the same range: William McKinley (three out of eight Cabinet positions, or 37.5%), Ronald Reagan (four out of 13 positions, or 31%), and Dwight Eisenhower (three out of 10 positions, or 30%)."
Confirmation delays[edit | edit source]
Despite being nominated promptly during the transition period, most cabinet members were unable to take office on Inauguration Day because of delays in the formal confirmation process. By February 8, 2017, President Trump had fewer cabinet nominees confirmed than any prior president two weeks into their mandate, except George Washington. Part of the lateness was ascribed to obstructionism by Senate Democrats and part to delays in submitting background-check paperwork.
History[edit | edit source]
Choosing members of the presidential Cabinet (and other high-level positions) is a complicated process, which begins prior to the November 2016 general election results being known. In the case of the Trump '16 campaign, his former rival for the Republican nomination Chris Christie was appointed to lead the transition team in May 2016, shortly after Ted Cruz and John Kasich suspended their campaigns (thus making Trump the presumptive nominee of the party). In addition to various other responsibilities, the transition team is responsible for making preliminary lists of potential executive branch appointees—at least for the several dozen high-level positions if not for the several thousand lower-level positions—and doing some early vetting work on those people. The transition team also hires policy experts (over 100 in the case of the Trump transition team by October 2016), using primarily federal funds and federal office space, to help plan how the hypothetical-at-the-time future Trump administration will implement their policy-goals via the various federal agencies and departments.
After the election in November 2016, when the Trump/Pence ticket defeated the Clinton/Kaine ticket as well as various third party opponents, the transition team was quickly reshuffled and expanded; Mike Pence was given the lead role (over Chris Christie), and several additional top-level transition personnel were added to the transition effort, most of them from the now-finished campaign effort. During the remainder of 2016, the team continued finding and vetting potential nominees for the various positions, as the Electoral College process was ongoing (including recounts in some states where the winning margin was relatively tiny) and prior to the presidential inauguration in January 2017.
President-elect Trump announced his first post-election Cabinet nominee, Jeff Sessions for the role of United States Attorney General, on November 18, 2016. (Trump had earlier announced Mike Pence as his pick for vice-presidential running mate in July 2016, which was shortly thereafter confirmed by the delegates to the Republican National Convention when they officially nominated first Trump and then Pence.) Although most positions were simultaneously under consideration by the transition team, the official announcement of offers, and the public acceptance of the offers, usually happens gradually as slots are filled (Richard Nixon being the exception).
For purposes of historical comparison, this chart only includes Cabinet roles, and not the cabinet-level positions. However, note that the number of Cabinet positions has varied from administration to administration: under Nixon there were twelve such roles in 1968, whereas under Trump in 2016 there are fifteen.
After Trump had been president for a full three weeks, the number of his approved cabinet members stood at 7 as compared to 12 for Obama and no vacancies for George W. Bush. Whereas all but one cabinet nominee was approved in less than a day for President Bill Clinton.
Formation[edit | edit source]
After election day, media outlets reported on persons described by various sources as possible appointments to senior positions in the incoming Trump presidency. The number of people which have received media attention as potential cabinet appointees is higher than in most previous presidential elections, partly because the Trump '16 campaign staff (and associated PACs) was significantly smaller and less expensive, thus there are not as many people already expected to receive specific roles in the upcoming Trump administration. In particular, "Trump ha[d] a smaller policy brain trust [policy group] than a new president normally carries" because as an anti-establishment candidate who began his campaign by largely self-funding his way to the Republican party nomination, unlike most previous presidential winners "Trump does not have the traditional cadre of Washington insiders and donors to build out his Cabinet." An additional factor that tends to make the field of potential nominees especially broad, is that unlike most presidential transition teams who select politicians as their appointees, the Trump transition team "has started with a mandate to hire from the private sector [as opposed to the governmental sector] whenever possible."
Vice President[edit | edit source]
There were dozens of potential running mates for Trump who received media speculation (including several from New York where Trump himself resides). Trump's eventual pick of Governor Mike Pence of Indiana was officially announced on July 16, 2016 and confirmed by acclamation via parliamentary procedure amongst delegates to the 2016 Republican National Convention on July 19, 2016.
Cabinet[edit | edit source]
The following cabinet positions are listed in order of their creation (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).
Secretary of State[edit | edit source]
Rex Tillerson[edit | edit source]Rex Tillerson, CEO of ExxonMobil, was officially selected to be the Secretary of State. Tillerson was first recommended to Trump for the Secretary of State role by Condoleezza Rice, during her meeting with Trump in late November. Rice's recommendation of Tillerson to Trump was backed up by Robert Gates, three days later.
Tillerson's confirmation hearing with the Foreign Relations committee was held on January 11, 2017. During the hearing, Tillerson voiced support for the Trans-Pacific Partnership and opposed a Muslim immigration ban that has been proposed by Donald Trump in the past. Tillerson was approved by the Foreign Relations committee on January 23, 2017 by a vote of 11–10. On Wednesday, February 1, Tillerson was confirmed by the senate 56–43. Prior to Tillerson's confirmation Tom Shannon was the acting Secretary of State.
Secretary of the Treasury[edit | edit source]
Steve Mnuchin[edit | edit source]
Trump announced the selection of Steve Mnuchin as Secretary of the Treasury on November 30, 2016. In the statement, Trump called Mnuchin a "world-class financier, banker and businessman," and he said Mnuchin played an important role in developing his "plan to build a dynamic, booming economy." Mnuchin himself said he was "honored to have the opportunity to serve our great country in this important role." He called Trump's economic agenda a "bold" one "that creates good-paying jobs and defends the American worker."
The New York Times noted that Mnuchin's selection "fits uneasily with much of Mr. Trump’s campaign attacks on the financial industry." For example, an ad of Trump's campaign said Goldman Sachs' CEO had "robbed [the] working class." Mnuchin will be the third Goldman alumnus to serve in the job, after Henry M. Paulson Jr., under President George W. Bush; and Robert E. Rubin, under President Bill Clinton in the 2000s and 1990s, respectively.
After the nomination was announced, Mnuchin resigned from his position on the board of trustees of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, to which he had donated between $100,000 and $250,000. When the pick was announced, Mnuchin was also a member of the boards of UCLA Health System, the NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, and the Los Angeles Police Foundation.
During his Senate confirmation hearing on January 19, 2017, Mnuchin was condemned by Democrats due to the foreclosure practices at OneWest. Mnuchin said, "Since I was first nominated to serve as Treasury secretary, I have been maligned as taking advantage of others' hardships in order to earn a buck. Nothing could be further from the truth". Mnuchin was criticized for failing to disclose, in required disclosure documents, $95 million of real estate that he owned and his role as director of Dune Capital International, an investment fund in a tax haven. Mnuchin described the omissions as mistakes made amid a mountain of bureaucracy.
Democrats of the Senate Finance Committee boycotted the vote of Mnuchin and many other nominees in response to Trump's controversial immigration executive order. Additionally, Democrats sought an additional hearing due to Mnuchin's failure to disclose $100 million in assets. On February 1, 2017, Republicans suspended committee rules to send the nomination to the Senate floor. His nomination was approved by a vote of 11–0.
Steve Mnuchin was confirmed on February 13, 2017. As expected, the Senate vote fell along party lines, with exception of Senator Joe Manchin as the sole Democratic vote for Mnuchin. Adam Szubin served as acting secretary prior to Mnuchin's confirmation.
Secretary of Defense[edit | edit source]
James Mattis[edit | edit source]
Trump informally announced the selection of General James Mattis as Secretary of Defense on December 1, 2016. (The Trump Transition Team formally announced the selection on December 6, 2016.) As with most cabinet roles, the Secretary-designate of Defense undergoes hearings before the appropriate committee of the United States Senate, followed by a confirmation-vote. In the case of Mattis, there was an additional step needed as he had retired from the military three years ago, since statute section 903(a) of the NDAA demands a minimum of seven years as a civilian for Pentagon appointees, therefore Mattis needed a waiver to be allowed to become Secretary of Defense. On January 12, 2017 the Senate Armed Services Committee voted 24–3 to grant the waiver. The full Senate voted 81–17 to pass the waiver three hours later. After the Trump transition team cancelled a meeting between Mattis and the House Armed Services Committee, the waiver narrowly passed the committee by a vote of 34–28. The House voted 268–151 to grant the waiver. The Senate Armed Services Committee approved Mattis' confirmation on January 18, 2017 by a 26–1 margin, and sent the nomination to the full Senate for consideration. One of Donald Trump's first acts as President was the approval of Mattis' waiver to become Secretary of Defense. After being confirmed by the Senate on the evening of January 20, 2017 by a vote of 98–1, Mattis was sworn in on the same evening.
Attorney General[edit | edit source]
Acting Attorney General[edit | edit source]
On January 30, 2017, Trump appointed Dana Boente, the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, to serve as acting Attorney General until Jeff Sessions' Senate confirmation. Boente had replaced Sally Yates who was fired by Trump for ordering the Justice Department to not defend Trump's Executive Order 13769 which restricted entry to the United States. Yates claimed that, "At present, I am not convinced that the defense of the executive order is consistent with these responsibilities [of the Department of Justice], nor am I convinced that the executive order is lawful". Boente served until the confirmation of Jeff Sessions on February 9, 2017.
Jeff Sessions[edit | edit source]
Trump's selection of Senator Jeff Sessions from Alabama was officially announced on November 18, 2016.
Members of the Democratic party in the Senate had stated their intention to oppose Sessions; that said, successfully defeating the nomination of Sessions would have required peeling away the votes of at least two or three Republican members of the Senate body. Republican members of the Judiciary Committee spoke favorably towards Sessions, as Sessions had been a former member of the Judiciary Committee while serving as Senator. Although Democratic party Senators, including Elizabeth Warren, criticized Sessions, at least one Democratic Senator, Joe Manchin of West Virginia, stated he would vote to confirm Sessions. Historically, there has never been a sitting Senator appointed to cabinet position who was denied that post during the confirmation process.
The confirmation process for Trump's nominee Senator Jeff Sessions was described as "strikingly contentious" by The New York Times; as Senator Mitch McConnell invoked Rule XIX to silence Senator Elizabeth Warren for the rest of the hearing. McConnell interrupted Warren as she had read a letter by Coretta Scott King opposing Sessions' nomination to a federal judgeship along with several statements which were made by Senator Ted Kennedy in 1986 during Senate hearings on Sessions' nomination. Afterwards, Warren live-streamed herself reading the letter, critical of Sessions, that Coretta Scott King had written to Senator Strom Thurmond in 1986.
On February 8, Sessions, was confirmed as United States Attorney General by a vote of 52–47, with all of the Republican Senators and Democratic Senator Joe Manchin voting in favor of Sessions' confirmation and all other Senators voting against Sessions' confirmation. Sessions' confirmation ended a nomination battle which was described by The New York Times, as "bitter and racially charged".
Secretary of the Interior[edit | edit source]
Ryan Zinke[edit | edit source]
On December 9, 2016, Cathy McMorris Rodgers of Washington was originally selected for the role, according to anonymous leaks within the Trump transition team.[nb 1] However, instead Ryan Zinke was reportedly offered the role of Secretary of the Interior on December 13, 2016. Trump's transition team formally announced the decision to nominate Zinke on December 15, 2016.
His nomination was approved by a 16–6 vote from the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee on January 31, 2017. Zinke was confirmed on March 1, 2017 by a vote of 68–31, becoming the first Navy SEAL to occupy a Cabinet position. Prior to Zinke's confirmation, Kevin Haugrud served as the acting Secretary of the Interior.
Secretary of Agriculture[edit | edit source]
Sonny Perdue[edit | edit source]
On January 18, 2017 Sonny Perdue, former governor of Georgia, was selected to be the Secretary of Agriculture. On April 24, 2017 Perdue was confirmed by the Senate in an 87-11 vote. Prior to Perdue's confirmation the acting Secretary of Agriculture was Michael Scuse.
Secretary of Commerce[edit | edit source]
Wilbur Ross[edit | edit source]
Trump's selection of CEO Wilbur Ross from Florida (formerly of New York) was officially announced on November 30, 2016. Several days earlier starting November 24, unofficial staff interviews said that Ross either would be, or was expected to be, offered the role.
Confirmation hearings were originally scheduled for January 12, but were postponed because the Commerce Committee had not yet received the ethics agreement from the Office of Government Ethics and the Department of Commerce. On February 27 2017, he was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 72–27 vote. He assumed office on February 28, 2017.
Secretary of Labor[edit | edit source]
Failed nomination of Andy Puzder[edit | edit source]
On December 8, 2016 Andy Puzder, CEO of CKE Restaurants, was officially selected to be the Secretary of Labor. The Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions committee (HELP) delayed Puzder's hearing five times due to missing paperwork from the Office of Government Ethics. It was revealed that prior to the nomination Puzder employed a housekeeper who was not authorized to work in the U.S. Puzder failed to pay employer taxes. Puzder fired the housekeeper and amended his taxes only after his nomination. Prior cabinet nominations from the Bush and Clinton administrations with undocumented housekeepers have had to withdraw their nominations.
On February 8, 2017 the Office of Government Ethics submitted Puzder's ethics paperwork to Congress. It was also revealed Puzder's ex-wife Lisa Fierstein appeared in disguise on Oprah Winfrey's talk show in the 1980s. In the interview, she alleged Puzder beat her. She later recanted. Fierstein sent a letter to Congress shortly after his nomination stating, "Andy is not and was not abusive or violent." Complying with the HELP committee, the Oprah Winfrey Network produced tapes from the interview for members of the committee to view. Four Republican Senators from the HELP committee Susan Collins, Tim Scott, Johnny Isakson, and Lisa Murkowski expressed doubt over Puzder's nomination. On February 15, 2017 reports surfaced that Puzder would withdraw his nomination, a day before his scheduled hearing. Later that day Puzder released a statement to the Associated Press officially withdrawing his nomination.
Alex Acosta[edit | edit source]
On February 16, 2017 Alex Acosta, dean of the Florida International University College of Law and former Justice Department attorney, was officially selected to be the Secretary of Labor. On April 27, 2017, Acosta was confirmed by the Senate in a 60–38 vote. Prior to Acosta's confirmation the acting Secretary of Labor was Ed Hugler.
Secretary of Health and Human Services[edit | edit source]
Although historically the nominee also holds meetings with the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions committee, officially the nomination of a Secretary-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Finance, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Tom Price[edit | edit source]
Members of the Democratic party in the Senate such as Debbie Stabenow, Brian Schatz, and Sherrod Brown have stated their intention to oppose this nominee. However, successfully blocking the nomination would have required the support of at least two Republican members of the full body, which was expected to have a partisan split (52 who caucus with the Republicans versus 48 who caucus with the Democrats). Price was confirmed by the Senate on February 10, 2017 in a 52–47 vote along party lines, with all Republicans voting in favor and all Democrats voting against. Prior to Price's confirmation, the acting Secretary of Health and Human Services was Norris Cochran.
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development[edit | edit source]
Ben Carson[edit | edit source]
On December 5, 2016, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Ben Carson to the position of Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. During confirmation hearings, Carson was held under close scrutiny for his lack of relevant experience, and because he has been one the most hostile critics of HUD’s role in enforcing anti-discrimination laws. On January 24, 2017, the Senate Banking Committee voted unanimously to approve the nomination, sending it to the Senate floor for a complete vote. On March 2, 2017, Carson was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 58–41 vote. Prior to Carson's nomination, Craig Clemmensen served as the acting Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
Secretary of Transportation[edit | edit source]
Elaine Chao[edit | edit source]
On November 29, 2016 it was reported that President-elect Trump selected former United States Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao of Kentucky as his Secretary of Transportation. On January 31, Chao was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 93–6. Her husband Senator Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) only voted present due to the conflict of interest. Prior to Chao's confirmation the acting Secretary of Transportation was Michael Huerta.
Secretary of Energy[edit | edit source]
Rick Perry[edit | edit source]
On December 13, 2016 Rick Perry, former Governor of Texas, was selected to be the Secretary of Energy. During a previous presidential campaign, Perry said he intended to abolish the department. His nomination was approved by a 16–7 vote from the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on January 31, 2017. On March 2, 2017, Perry was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 62-37 vote. Prior to Perry's confirmation, the acting Secretary of Energy was Grace Bochenek.
Secretary of Education[edit | edit source]
Betsy DeVos[edit | edit source]
Originally scheduled for January 11, but was postponed because the Office of Government Ethics had not completed its review of DeVos' financial holdings and potential conflicts of interest. On January 20, the Office of Government Ethics completed their ethics report on DeVos, three days after her hearing with the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions was held. The completion of the report prompted the delay of her scheduled committee vote to January 31. Senate Democrats had requested a second hearing for DeVos to committee chair Senator Lamar Alexander, which he denied. DeVos has repeatedly said that she will divest from 102 companies within 90 days if confirmed. On February 7, 2017, the full senate voted 51–50 – with Vice President Pence casting the tie-breaking vote – to confirm DeVos, with Pence becoming the first vice president in U.S. history to cast the tie-breaking vote for a cabinet nominee, since Henry A. Wallace having his confirmation tie broken by Truman. Prior to DeVos' confirmation, Phil Rosenfelt served as the acting Secretary of Education.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs[edit | edit source]
David Shulkin[edit | edit source]
On January 11, 2017 David Shulkin, the Under Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Health under President Barack Obama, was selected to be the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. He was later confirmed by the Senate by a 100 to 0 vote. Prior to Shulkin's confirmation, Robert Snyder served as the acting Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Secretary of Homeland Security[edit | edit source]
The nomination of a Secretary-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
John F. Kelly[edit | edit source]
On December 7, 2016 John F. Kelly, retired four-star Marine general was selected to be the Secretary of Homeland Security. He was confirmed by the Senate with a vote of 88–11 and sworn in on the evening of January 20.
Cabinet-level officials[edit | edit source]
Cabinet-level officials have positions that are considered to be of Cabinet level, but which are not part of the Cabinet. Which exact positions are considered part of the presidential cabinet, can vary with the president. The CIA and FEMA were cabinet-level agencies under Bill Clinton, but not George W. Bush. The head of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (aka the drug czar) was a cabinet-level position under both Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, but not under Barack Obama. (Not to be confused with the head of the DEA, who has remained in the org chart underneath the cabinet position held by the Attorney General.) Designation of an agency as being cabinet-level requires that Congress enact legislation, although executive orders unilaterally created by the president can be used to create many other types of position inside the executive branch. Members of the cabinet proper, as well as cabinet-level officials, meet with the president in a room adjacent to the Oval Office.
White House Chief of Staff[edit | edit source]
Trump's selection of former RNC chair Reince Priebus from Wisconsin was officially announced on November 13, 2016. This role does not require Senate confirmation. The appointment of Stephen Bannon as Chief Strategist was announced simultaneously. Although that strategy-role is not a Cabinet-level position in the statutory sense, in an "unusual arrangement" Priebus and Bannon were envisioned by the Trump transition team as being equal partners, and were announced simultaneously. See also, team of rivals. With Priebus accepting a role within the administration, the person who replaces Priebus in his former role as RNC chair will be decided in January.
This position does not require confirmation by the Senate.
United States Trade Representative[edit | edit source]
The nomination of a Director-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Finance then presented to the full Senate for a vote. On March 2, 2017 Trump selected Stephen Vaughn to serve as acting Trade Representative. Prior to Vaughn's appointment Maria Pagan served as acting Representative.
Robert Lighthizer[edit | edit source]
On January 3, 2017 Robert Lighthizer, a former Deputy United States Trade Representative under President Ronald Reagan, was selected to be the United States Trade Representative. Due to Lighthizer's prior representation of foreign governments with a trade dispute with the United States, he will first need to obtain a special waiver to bypass the Lobbying Disclosure Act. The waiver would need to pass Congress and have the President's signature to assume the position. Congress waived the ban for Charlene Barshefsky, President Clinton's choice for Trade Representative in 1997.
Director of National Intelligence[edit | edit source]
On February 8, 2017 President Trump outlined the 24 members of the Cabinet with the Director of National Intelligence being newly included. The nomination of an Director-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Dan Coats[edit | edit source]
On January 7, 2017 Dan Coats, former Senator of Indiana, was officially selected to be the Director of National Intelligence. On March 15, 2017 Coats was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 85-12. Prior to Coats' confirmation, the acting Director of National Intelligence was Mike Dempsey.
Ambassador to the United Nations[edit | edit source]
Like all ambassadorships and all official Cabinet positions, the nominee for this Ambassador to the U.N. requires confirmation by the Senate. The nomination of an Ambassador-designate to the United Nations is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Nikki Haley[edit | edit source]
Trump officially announced Governor Nikki Haley from South Carolina as his selection for this role on November 23, 2016. She was confirmed on January 24, 2017 and subsequently resigned as South Carolina governor. Haley supported Marco Rubio in the Republican primaries and caucuses, but later endorsed Trump as the presumptive Republican nominee. Haley's Lieutenant Governor, Henry McMaster, who was an early supporter of Trump, was also under consideration for a role in the Trump administration, but since he did not accept such a role, he succeeded to the governorship of South Carolina upon Haley's resignation.
Director of the Office of Management and Budget[edit | edit source]
The nomination of a Director-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and Budget Committee then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Mick Mulvaney[edit | edit source]
In his statement to the Senate Budget Committee, Mulvaney admitted that he had failed to pay $15,000 in payroll taxes from 2000–04 for a nanny he had hired to care for his triplets. Mulvaney said he did not pay the taxes because he viewed the woman as a babysitter rather than as a household employee. After filling out a questionnaire from the Trump transition team, he realized the lapse and began the process of paying back taxes and fees. Senate Democrats noted that Republicans had previously insisted that past Democratic nominees' failure to pay taxes for their household employees was disqualifying, including former Health and Human Services nominee Tom Daschle in 2009.
Budget Chairman Senator Mike Enzi (R-Wyoming) noted on the Senate floor, “According to Senate records from President Jimmy Carter to President Obama, the longest it has ever taken to approve a first budget director for a new president was one week — one week.” On February 16, 2017, the Senate confirmed Mulvaney, 51–49.
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency[edit | edit source]
On February 8, 2017 President Trump outlined the 24 members of the Cabinet with the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency being newly included. The nomination of an Director-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Mike Pompeo[edit | edit source]
On November 18, 2016 Mike Pompeo, the Representative of Kansas' 4th congressional district, was officially selected to be the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 2017, with a vote of 66–32. Pompeo was opposed by 30 Democratic Senators while the sole Republican vote against him came from Rand Paul. He was sworn in on the same night by Vice President Mike Pence.
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency[edit | edit source]
Scott Pruitt[edit | edit source]
On December 7, 2016, Scott Pruitt, Attorney General of Oklahoma was selected to be the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. In response to the nomination, Pruitt said, "I intend to run this agency in a way that fosters both responsible protection of the environment and freedom for American businesses."
During his January 18 confirmation hearing, Pruitt's testimony openly acknowledged climate change. Pruitt declared the EPA has a "very important role" in regulating carbon dioxide emissions. Pruitt has sued the Environmental Protection Agency as the Attorney General of Oklahoma on more than a dozen occasions. When pressed by Senator Ed Markey on whether he would recuse himself from ongoing lawsuits, Pruitt "would not commit to recusing himself from all the cases he had brought." Pruitt deflected questioning from Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) on the issue of whether human activity is largely responsible for climate change. Stating, "I believe the ability to measure, with precision, the degree of human activity's impact on the climate is subject to more debate on whether the climate is changing or whether human activity contributes to it." Pruitt declined to comment on whether California could set its own emission standards and said he would review the policy. Prior to Pruitt's confirmation, the acting Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency was Catherine McCabe.
Administrator of the Small Business Administration[edit | edit source]
The nomination of an Administrator-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship and then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Linda McMahon[edit | edit source]
On December 7, 2016 Linda McMahon, former CEO of World Wrestling Entertainment Inc. and Senate nominee, was selected to be the head of the Small Business Administration. McMahon was confirmed by a Senate vote of 81–19 on February 14, 2017. Marianne Markowitz served as acting administrator prior to McMahon's confirmation.
McMahon earned approval votes from Senators Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy from Connecticut; they defeated McMahon in their respective Senate races. Senator Jim Risch (R-Idaho), chairman of the Senate Committee on Small Businesses and Entrepreneurship, said, "Mrs. McMahon made it very clear that she has the experience, understanding and instincts necessary to bolster America's small business community and advocate for much-needed regulatory reforms." 
Removal of the Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers[edit | edit source]
On February 8, 2017 President Trump outlined the 24 members of the Cabinet, excluding the Council of Economic Advisers chairman position. In addition to the chairman, the council had two other members, also appointed by the president, as well as a staff of economists, researchers, and statisticians. Historically, appointees to chair the council have held Ph.Ds in economics, and the role of the group is to provide advice in the form of economic analysis with respect to policy, as distinct from shaping economic policy per se.
Trump released a list of his campaign's official economic advisers in August 2016, which simultaneously was anti-establishment and therefore lean on those with governmental experience, yet at the same time aimed to include some members of business and finance,. Many of the listed names received media attention as potential appointees to the Council of Economic Advisers, or in other Trump administration roles.
Although removed from the Cabinet, the Chair-designate, if nominated, must be reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and then presented to the full Senate for a vote.
Various other Trump administration appointees are directly involved with economic matters, for example Director of the National Economic Council Gary Cohn, National Trade Council director Peter Navarro, SEC chairman Jay Clayton, OMB director Mick Mulvaney, Treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin, Commerce secretary Wilbur Ross, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and SBA administrator Linda McMahon.
See also[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
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